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Merle Haggard Biography

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le Haggard Biography


Merle Haggard Receives 33rd Annual Kennedy Center Honors


“There is no one in contemporary country music who has created a more impressive legacy, or one that opens a wider variety of styles...taken as a whole, the body of work that he has created is absolutely staggering.”
Peter Guralnick, Lost Highway

“He is playing a very personal brand of music that is strongly rooted in the American past.  Music that synthesizes the work of long departed artists from virtually every field of American popular music are being woven together in a totally organic manner.”
Tim Schneckloth, Downbeat, May, 1980

“He is the greatest country artist of our times.”
Jim Miller, Rolling Stone

Rolling Stone Article

Merle Haggard

If the question were asked, “Who forged the genre that is known today as ‘modern country music’?,” only a tiny group of country immortals could step forward to share the spotlight.  One, out of that select handful, would be Merle Haggard.  Merle wasn’t in the delivery room on the morning country music was born; it simply seems like he was.  And you won’t hear anybody refer to him as the father of country music.  But many will swear he’s at least its godfather.

What gray poupon has meant to mustard, Haggard has meant to country music.  Like rock ’n roll without Presley, and like Sears without Roebuck, country music without Haggard simply isn’t!

Few country devotees, be they oldtimers or neophytes, are unfamiliar with the craggy Haggard mask of a thousand photographs - that countenance that’s been etched by time and experience like the granite face of your favorite cliff.  And even fewer are those who are unfamiliar with the evocative Haggard delivery that has spawned an entire school of country vocal stylists.

In the ever-expanding array of country music stars, hitmakers and idols, Haggard walks in no man’s shadow.  Instead, he casts a far-reaching shadow of his own.  Rare is the country balladeer that has mastered the idiom at so many different levels as has he.

In listening to his uncanny craftsmanship, one quickly recognizes that this is a consummate troubadour who could have carved his niche as either a songwriter, a musician or a singer, so gifted was he in all those areas.  Instead he chose to expand and hone his talents in many dimensions simultaneously, developing his name as the quintessential country artiste, rural America’s Renaissance man, whose caliber will long provide a standard for all country artists who follow.

Haggard’s life path has never been easy, nor has much of it been pretty, as aired in his 1981 book, Sing Me Back Home.  His childhood years were spent in Bakersfield, California, and the death of his father, when Merle was just nine years old, became the catalyst that led to a squandered youth.  At the same time, his love for the wandering songs of such as Jimmie Rodgers, lead to an errant passion for the gleaming, endless railroad tracks and the siren song of slow freights and hobo jungles.  And, along the way, to numerous brushes with the law.

Unfocused, unruly and unsettled, Merle learned early to walk the mean streets.  As a teenager he took on every unskilled job that would have him, from oil field roustabout to hay-pitcher to short order cook.  And that was the bright side.  He also saw the insides of various penal institutions for crimes ranging from burglary to auto theft and even to escape.  Before he had reached the age of 21, and not long after he married his first wife, Leona, he was serving time in the notorious San Quentin Penitentiary, thanks to a bungled attempt at burglarizing a tavern.  But the three year stretch within those gray and desolate walls, including a stint in solitary confinement (for making home brew), became the experience that finally changed his perspective and the spark that turned his head around.  He abruptly assumed the role of a model prisoner and was paroled in 1960.  (Over a decade later, in 1972, California’s governor Ronald Reagan granted him a full pardon.)

By the time he regained his freedom, he and Leona had four children, but the marriage had already fallen apart.  But better times loomed just around the corner.  Post-prison life, a typical tale of scratching out a meager survival, also became the beginning of his untypical musical career.  Although he had made his stage debut at 15, sitting in on a Lefty Frizzell performance, it wasn’t until after San Quentin that Merle joined a band as rhythm/bass guitarist and began to sing in the clubs and the dives of the infamous “beer can hill” area of Bakersfield.

In one brief stretch his life took a major turnaround.  He was signed by Tally Records, owned by close friend Lewis Tally, and began cutting singles in a garage behind Tally’s house.  His first single was “Singing My Heart Out,” which received some regional airplay on the West Coast, but it was in 1963 that he eventually broke into the top twenty of Billboard’s country charts with his first national hit, “Sing A Sad Song.”

Since then the country charts have been his second home.  His next few singles -- “(All My Friends Are Gonna Be) Strangers,” “Swinging Doors” and “The Bottle Let Me Down” -- all landed within the Top 10.  Meanwhile, in the midst of this exciting period, he married Bonnie Owens, who also recorded for Tally, and his contract was sold to Capitol Records.  And his career was ready to soar to rarefied heights.  In 1966 he entered the Number One spot for the first time with “I’m A Lonesome Fugitive,” and he won his first Top Male Vocalist of the Year award from the Academy of Country Music.

With a perfectionist’s attention to detail, he painstakingly pieced together his new band, The Strangers.  His diligence in that area, as in many others, has not gone unrewarded.  The Strangers since have become known as one of country music’s finest road bands, and they themselves have been the recipients of a number of industry accolades, including being eight-time winners of the Academy of Country Music’s Touring Band of the Year Award, as well as, a pair of Music City News awards for Band of the Year.  They have also recorded several albums of their own.

In ‘68, the label released “The Legend of Bonnie and Clyde,” which, not unexpectedly, soared to Number One on all the trade charts.  What was unexpected however, was the audience reaction to the “B” side.  With absolutely no promotion or marketing input from the label, the side entered both the Cash Box and Record World charts and climbed to #23 (Cash Box).  That song, “Today I Started Loving You Again,” went on to become one of the most important and lucrative songs of his career.

(Other of his famed “B” sides, including “Silver Wings,” (the flip of “Workin’ Man Blues”) also became strong audience pleasers, testifying to the impact of his casual and seemingly effortless craftsmanship.)

And, in 1969, with an assist from then band member Eddie Burris, he ventured into the arena of social commentary, voicing his feelings in “Okie From Muskogee,” the song that was to have the most dramatic impact on his career.  Released during the height of national conflict over Viet Nam, it was also to be his most controversial.  (And, another #1 record for Hag.)

At the end of the 70’s, after over a decade with Capitol Records and of marriage to wife Bonnie, both associations came to an end.  In 1977, Haggard signed with MCA Records and continued his long term lease on the #1 position with a string of chart-topping singles, including “Think I’ll Just Stay Here and Drink” and “Rainbow Stew.”  A year after signing with MCA, his marriage with Bonnie was dissolved.  (True to the quizzical nature of his character, the two still remain friends, and Bonnie continues to sing and tour with Merle.)  Immediately after his divorce from Bonnie, he married his third wife, Leona Williams, also a recording artist.  And, eventually, Merle departed his longtime home area of Bakersfield.  He relocated to his current home, a 150-acre spread on Lake Shasta.

In 1981, he signed with Epic Records, adding more #1 plaques to his wall, including “Yesterday’s Wine,” the title single from his powerful album duet with country music titan, George Jones.  That same year he released another landmark album with another legendary country singer-songwriter (and a longtime friend), Willie Nelson, who is now a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame.  The title cut from that album, “Poncho and Lefty,” was also a Number One record for Merle.

In the mid-80’s, he and Leona were divorced, and his later marriage to Debbie Parret also ended in divorce.  Merle eventually married Theresa Ann Lane, his current wife, and the pair have two children, Janessa and Bennie.

Merle signed with Curb Records in 1990.

As a singer, Merle openly admits to “borrowing” the stylings of his idols, Lefty Frizzell, Bob Wills and Jimmie Rodgers, in his early years, and speaks of such beyond-the-genre influences upon his music as Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby.  Still, it’s his own charismatic individuality, along with those rich vocal textures that so well express the heart and soul of Haggard, that has always come shining through.

In addition to his vocal performance, he has also spent a great deal of time perfecting his instrumental skills.  Over the years he has also developed into a remarkable lead guitarist, as well as a proficient fiddle player, both skills being woven into the fabric of his live performances.

What he has added to the archives of country music as a songwriter, however, will live on far beyond the prestigious accomplishments of the flesh-and-bones performer.  In terms of style and material he has brought a dimension of lyrical depth and musical sophistication to country music that was heretofore unavailable.  While the bulk of country song material of his time was dealing with the pangs of lost, found or unrequited love, Haggard was digging deep within his own emotional background and setting his dark and somber experience to music.  Over the years Merle has become accepted as the bard of uncommon poems of the common working man, anthems born with dirt under their fingernails.

His early years of pain and tribulation provided him with infinite raw material to be spun into the rich imagery that is now indelibly imprinted on the idiom.  His days outside the law were woven into “Lonesome Fugitive,” “Sing Me Back Home” and “Branded Man,” his understanding of his mother’s torment led to “Mama Tried” and “Hungry Eyes” while his affinity for the hourly laborer produced such as “Workin’ Man Blues” and “5:01 Blues.”

Ultimately he has had scores of charted singles (mostly his own compositions), and his list of credits continued to grow:

to date he has written hundreds of songs, including the classics “Sing Me Back Home,” “Okie From Muskogee” and “Silver Wings,” among others.

over 40 of his singles have attained the Number One position in the major trade magazines.

the former “B” side, “Today I Started Loving You Again,” has been recorded by over 400 artists to date.

56 of his songs have received awards from BMI (47 country, 9 pop).

three of his songs have logged over a million plays (“Today I Started Loving You Again,” “Okie From Muskogee” and “Big City”).

he has released over 65 albums, most of which have charted in the major trades.

four of his albums have been certified gold.

he has been nominated 42 times for CMA awards, more than any other male country entertainer.

his honors from the major country music industry associations and trade publications include:

                        —18 awards from the ACM, including Male Vocalist and Entertainer of the Year

                        —six from the CMA, including Top Male Vocalist and Entertainer of the Year;

                        —eight from Cash Box; four from Record World; and five from Music City News

he received Best Country Video in 1983 from the American Video Awards (“Are The Good Times Really Over”).

he landed a Grammy Award in 1984 for Best Male Country Vocal Performance (“That’s The Way Love Goes”).

he performed at the White House for Richard Nixon in ‘73 and also performed for Ronald and Nancy Reagan’s anniversary celebration at their “Western White House” ranch in California.

he was the first country artist ever to appear on the cover of Downbeat, one of the nation’s most influential Jazz publications

his music was part of the Apollo 16 mission to the moon, via a custom recording, specially requested by the crew.

he’s been in films, including a cameo appearance in the Clint Eastwood film Bronco Billy, and has had dramatic roles on several network TV productions.

Integrally related to all his writing and performing skills is Merle’s dedication and passion for researching the history of the music that inspires him.  His deep love for the roots and the development of numerous forms of music is reflected in such album releases as:

Same Train, Different Time, a tribute to his early idol, Jimmie Rodgers.

A Tribute to the Best Damn Fiddle Player in the World (Or My Salute to Bob Wills) lauding another of his major musical influences.

A Land of Many Churches, recorded with members of the Carter Family in the Nashville Union Rescue Mission as well as a number of rural churches across the country

I Love Dixie Blues, a tribute to Dixieland music, cut in New Orleans.

Singer, songwriter, remarkable musician, bandleader and historian, Haggard may well be the most well-rounded country talent ever to take the stage in front of a microphone or an audience.  Over his career, he has been the pulse of an ever-lonesome fugitive, in desperate flight from the prison walls of mediocrity.  His has been the voice of the Okie with an attitude, fueled by a well-stoked fire of unflinching convictions and bone-deep beliefs.  In his music he has hung his soul out on the line, baring himself in those songs clawed out of the soil and bonded together with grit and spit.  As a result, that music is not only resounded in such typical entertainment channels as radio, records and concert dates, but has also been integrated into the university classroom setting where students examine the sociological implications of his works.

His accomplishments would lead some to sum him up with a catchall cliché like “legend,” but legends are about the past, about those who are about to be swept off into some dusty corner record bin somewhere.  Haggard can’t be pinpointed in the past.  And he won’t be found rockin’ and whittlin’ with a shoebox full of yesterday’s memories.  His music speaks to country audiences today, while his mind and talents flirt with a new millennium.

Merle Haggard’s not just a legend with a P O box in once-upon-a-time; he’s a permanent condition of country music’s soul.

More to come...


Merle Haggard Awards

Academy of Country Music

            1995                        Pioneer Award

            1982                        Song of the Year / Artist / “Are The Good Times Really Over”

            1982                        Song of the Year / Composer / “Are The Good Times Really Over”

            1981                        Top Male Vocalist of the Year

            1974                        Top Male Vocalist of the Year

            1972                        Top Male Vocalist of the Year

            1970                        Top Male Vocalist of the Year

            1970                        Entertainer of the Year

            1969                        Song of the Year / Artist / “Okie From Muskogee”

            1969                        Song of the Year / Composer / “Okie From Muskogee”

            1969                        Single of the Year “Okie From Muskogee”

            1969                        Album of the Year “Okie From Muskogee”

            1969                        Top Male Vocalist of the Year

            1969                        Top Vocal Duet with Bonnie Owens / Johnny Mosby & Jonie

            1967                        Top Vocal Duet with Bonnie Owens

            1966                        Top Male Vocalist of the Year

            1966                        Top Vocal Duet with Bonnie Owens

            1965                        Most Promising New Artist

            1965                        Top Vocal Duet with Bonnie Owens

THE STRANGERS, Merle Haggard’s Touring Band, has been awarded Touring Band of the Year for 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1981 and 1987 by the Academy of Country Music.

Broadcast Music, Inc.

1988

1987

1986

1985

1985

1984

1984

1983

1983

1983

1982

1982

1982

1982

1982

1982

1981

1981

1981

1980

1980

1980

1979

1978

1978

1976

1976

1976

1976

1975

1975

1975

1974

1974

1974

1974

1973

1973

1973

1972

1972

1971

1971

1970

1970

1970

1970

1970

1970

1970

1969

1969

1969

1969

1968

1966

“Twinkle, Twinkle, Lucky Star”

“I’ve Had A Beautiful Time”

“Lookin’ For A Place To Fall Apart”

“Someday When Things Are Good”

“Let’s Chase Each Other Round The Room”

“Reason To Quit”

“C.C. Waterback”

“Going Where The Lonely Go”

“Going Where The Lonely Go”

“Are The Good Times Really Over”

“Are The Good Times Really Over”

“Big City”

“Big City”

“Leonard”

“My Favorite Memory”

“Rainbow Stew”

“Think I’ll Just Stay Here And Drink”

“Think I’ll Just Stay Here And Drink”

“Rainbow Stew”

“Red Bandana”

“My Own Kind Of Hat”

“The Bull And The Beaver”

“It’s Been A Great Afternoon”

“From Graceland To The Promised Land”

“Ramblin’ Fever”

“Movin’ On”

“Always Wanting You”

“That’s All In The Movies”

“Today I Started Loving You Again”

“Things Aren’t Funny Anymore”

“The Old Man From The Mountain”

“Movin’ On”

“A Shoulder To Cry On”

“Everybody’s Had The Blues”

“If We Make It Through December”

“If We Make It Through December”

“Grandma Harp”

“Today I Started Loving You Again”

“I Wonder If They Ever Think Of Me”

“Daddy Frank (The Guitar Man)”

“Someday We’ll Look Back”

“I Can’t Be Myself”

“Jesus Take A Hold”

“Okie From Muskogee”

“Workin’ Man Blues”

“Fightin’ Side Of Me”

“Hungry Eyes”

“Today I Started Loving You Again”

“I Take A Lot Of Pride In What I Am”

“Okie From Muskogee”

“I Take A Lot Of Pride In What I Am”

“The Legend of Bonnie And Clyde”

“Mama Tried”

“I Take A Lot Of Pride In What I Am”

“Branded Man”

“Swingin Doors”

Country

Pop

Country

Pop

Country

Pop

Country

Pop

Country

Pop

Country

Pop

Country

Pop

Country

Pop

Country

Country Music Association

1983

1972

1970

1970

1970

1970

Vocal Duo of the Year with Willie Nelson

Album of the Year “Let Me Tell You About A Song”

Entertainer of the Year

Male Vocalist of the Year

Single of the Year “Okie From Muskogee”

Album of the Year “Okie From Muskogee”

Merle has been nominated 43 times for CMA Awards, more than any other entertainer.

Music City News

1989

1970

1968

1967

Living Legend

Songwriter of the Year

Male Artist of the Year

Male Artist of the Year

Gold Albums

1989

1982

1981

1974

1972

1971

1970

Eleven Winners

Poncho and Lefty

Big City

The Best of the Best of Merle Haggard

The Best of Merle Haggard

The Fightin’ Side of Me

Okie From Muskogee

Nashville Songwriter’s Association

1981

1969

Songwriter of the Year

Songwriter of the Year

MERLE HAGGARD has received eight Grammy Nominations and won Best Country Vocal Performance, Male for “That’s The Way Love Goes” in 1984.



Merle Haggard

(Singer and songwriter; born April 6, 1937 in Bakersfield, California)

The Country Music Hall of Fame, inducting him in 1994, called him not only "one of the genre's most versatile artists" but also perhaps "the single most influential singer-songwriter in country music history." The praise is fitting, the man's followers are legion, and his songs are not just country--though that certainly would be enough.

Musically, his gifts are breathtaking. Robert Palmer, in a 1980 New York Times profile, remarked how "Haggard's exceptionally true intonation, his command of varied vocal textures and his insinuating phrasing would make him a superior vocalist in any idiom…. Like Muddy Waters in the blues field and only a handful of other performers, he both embodies and transcends his rich American musical heritage." Rolling Stone in 2009 proclaimed his music "the backbone of one of the greatest repertoires in all of American music, plain-spoken songs populated by the kinds of working people Haggard grew up with: farmers, hobos, convicts, widows, musicians and drunks." But leave it to Bob Dylan to best describe what makes this living legend great:

"Merle Haggard has always been as deep as it gets," said Dylan. "Totally himself. Herculean. He definitely transcends the country genre."

Merle Ronald Haggard was born near Bakersfield, California in 1937 to Jim and Flossie Haggard, poor migrant workers who moved west when their farm burned down. His father found work as a carpenter for the Santa Fe Railroad, and the family lived in an old boxcar. Jim died of a stroke when Merle was just nine years old, Flossie found jobs as a bookkeeper, and the boy was left in the care of a great aunt and uncle. His was not a happy childhood and, not surprisingly, the young man rebelled early and often, running away in freight trains at 10, and having run-ins with the law. Music saved him. Old Jim had played the fiddle, and Merle taught himself his late father's instrument, later teaching himself the guitar as well. He found his idols in Lefty Frizzell and Bob Wills, and later in Johnny Cash--who encouraged the budding songwriter to write about his hard life. Merle Haggard did just that. He played in clubs in Southern California, joined the "Smilin' Jack Tyree Radio Show" in Springfield, Missouri, played bass for Wynn Stewart in Las Vegas, and got signed by Fuzzy Owens' Tally Records in 1962. After five records with that small label, including 1965's hit "(My Friends Are Gonna Be) Strangers," Merle Haggard signed with Capitol Records. Johnny Cash himself introduced his young colleague in his show, simply saying, "Here's a man who writes about his own life and has had a life to write about."

"Sing Me Back Home" in 1967, "Mama Tried" in 1968, and especially "Hungry Eyes" in 1969--a searingly honest portrait of an American family in poverty--all struck a deep chord with the American public. "Okie From Muskogee," which Haggard says he started as a joke, was drenched in dark humor and turned Haggard into an unlikely conservative political symbol. Still, this poet of the common man would always be hard to pin down. In a storied career that so far includes more than 600 recorded songs, surprise is one thing fans could count on. "He'll tell you he's a country singer," the record producer Don Was told Newsweek in 1996, "but to me the essence of rock and roll is a cry for freedom and rebellion. And I don't know anyone who embodies it better. Every aspect of his life is a refusal to submit."

He has had the music world's admiration, and more. He has had 38 No. 1 songs on his own, and his song "Today I Started Loving You Again" has been recorded by nearly 400 different artists. His music made it to outer space, when the astronaut Charles Duke took Haggard tapes with him on board Apollo 16 in 1972. The Country Music Association and the Academy of Country Music each singled him out as Entertainer of the Year in 1970. He was elected to the Songwriters' Hall of Fame in 1977 and to the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1994.

"I'll tell you what the public likes more than anything," Haggard once told The Boston Globe, "It's the most rare commodity in the world--honesty."

And honest he has always been, from the days of his immortal 1969 "Okie from Muskogee" to his 1984 "That's the Way Love Goes" duet with Jewel , to his surprising the music world by signing with a punk-pop label in 2000; from the confessional "Today I Started Loving You Again" to the political "Me and Crippled Soldiers," and from playing for President Richard Nixon's White House in 1973 and at a barbeque on President Ronald Reagan's ranch in 1982, to his defending the controversial Dixie Chicks in their stand for free expression in 2002. A patriot, he took unashamed pride in his country in "The Fightin' Side of Me," but he also questioned the war in Iraq in "That's the News." In 2009, he wrote a song for President Barack Obama called "Hopes Are High." Honesty indeed informs all these songs. Honesty and an improbable dose of all-American optimism.

DAVID BUCKSNER: 402-341-0444
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